Health Science is the study of the human body with specific focus on how the body functions in relation to health and exercise.
Physiology is the study of physiological and chemical mechanism that are responsible for the origin, development and progression of life. It studies the functions and mechanisms of action of the body on the following levels :
- 1- Chemical/ molecular level
- 2-Cellular level
- 3-Tissue level
- 4-Organ level
- 5-Systemic level
- 6-Organism level
Each group of living systems has from simplest virus to the largest tree or complicated human being has its own functional characteristics therefor, the vast field of physiology can be divided into Viral physiology, Bacterial physiology, Cellular physiology ,Plant Physiology , Animal Physiology, Human physiology…etc.
Human Medical Physiology
Human physiology attempts to explain the specific characteristic and mechanisms that work to keep the human body alive and functioning through scientific enquiry in to the nature of mechanical,physical and biochemical functions of humans, their organs, and the cells of which they are composed. Human Physiology for students of Medicine and health sciences is extended beyond the simple study of functions to some clinical applications that enable the students to understand physiology better , and to be prepared to study the disease , which is a shifting from the normal physiology of the human organism .
By study medical physiology we know ,How our body is functioning in normal healthy status. Such understanding is an essential to understand Medicine . Functioning mechanism in a live organism means biochemical mechanisms mostly , in addition to bio-mechanical , bio-electrical , and others bio-mechanisms.
Specialized Integrative Physiology
ABNORMALITIES ASSOCIATED WITH SEX CHROMOSOME
Sex chromosome abnormalities are gender specific. Female abnormalities are due to variation in number of X chromosome .Male abnormalities are due to either the X or the Y chromosome or both.
Contraceptive measures are methods used to prevent conception (pregnancy).They include all temporary and permanent measures to prevent pregnancy resulting from coitus (sexual intercourse)
Polyhydramnios is a medical condition in which an excess of amniotic fluid is present in the amniotic sac. It is seen in about 1% of pregnancies. It is typically diagnosed when amniotic fluid index (AFI) is greater than 24 cm.